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Drug Abuse Prevention Last Updated Date : 25 Aug 2016

SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION

  Substance abuse has emerged as a serious concern, adversely affecting the physical and socio- economic well being of the country. The stress and strain of the modern day life has rendered the individual more vulnerable to the problem of substance abuse. Addiction to alcohol-drugs not only affects the individual involved but also the family and society at large.

  In a national survey conducted in 2001-2002 (Published in 2004) by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, it was estimated that about 73.2 million persons were users of alcohol and substances. Of these 8.7, 2.0 and 62.5 million were users of Cannabis, Opiates and Alcohol respectively. About 26%, 22% and 17% of the users of three types respectively were found to be dependent on/addicted to them. As the sample size was small (40,697 male only) looking to the county’s population, the estimate can at best be taken as indicative only. The survey also indicated that other substance such as sedatives/ hypnotics, volatile substances, hallucinogens, stimulants and pharmaceutical preparations were also abused.

  Several other studies also indicated that the changing prevalence and incidence of substance abuse shows the increasing use of substances among women and children, and, also the increase of pharmaceutical substance abuse and inhalant use specially with the street children are now of serious concerns.

  Section 71 of the Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substance Act, 1985, empowers to Government for establishment of identification, treatment and rehabilitation centres for drug addiction. The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment as the nodal agency has been supporting Integrated Rehabilitation Centre for Addicts (IRCAs) under the scheme of Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Substances) Abuse being run by voluntary organizations.

    While a considerable number of efforts are being carried out through various interventions for various target groups, there is a need for human resource enhancement and professional training for effective service delivery in the changing scenario of substance abuse. Thus, substance abuse prevention is one of the core concerns of the Institute.

  In view of the growing threat of substance abuse and its impact on the nation, it was decided to give the then Bureau of Substance Abuse Prevention in the Institute a broader role by setting up a National Centre for Substance Abuse prevention (NC-DAP) in September, 1998. The mandate of the unit is to provide technical support to the Government on policies relating to substance abuse prevention and facilitate a wider and improved coverage of services throughout the country for substance demand reduction.

  Through NC-DAP, the NISD has been able to expand its activities and has worked out strategies for tackling the issues of substance abuse and brings about qualitative improvements in service delivery. It has evolved a strategy for the capacity building of the service providers through a series of training and orientation courses. To formulate effective intervention modules and programmes, impetus has been provided to research and documentation activities to develop deeper insight into the problem and collection of information on extent, trends and patterns of substance abuse through feedback from the field.

Aims and Objectives

Training & Capacity Building:

Drug Abuse Monitoring System (DAMS)